The FBI released information on more than 6 million criminal offenses submitted to its National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) last year, as law enforcement nationwide continues transitioning to the more informative crime reporting system.
Because of its more detailed data collection, NIBRS is set to become the national standard for crime reporting in 2021. It offers more context and allows law enforcement agencies to use resources more strategically to prevent and combat crime.
In 2017, 6,998 law enforcement agencies reported data to NIBRS. About 42 percent of law enforcement agencies who participate in the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program are now submitting their crime data to NIBRS, with the goal of completing the transition to NIBRS by 2021.
In his introductory message for last year’s UCR reports, FBI Director Christopher Wray touted the benefits of NIBRS. “We want to have greater transparency and accountability in policing. One way to get there is by improving the data,” Wray said. “That data will give us a more complete picture of what’s really going on in our communities and allow us to do what we need to do to keep people safe.”
Highlights from NIBRS, 2017 include:
- Data from 2017 contained information on about 5.4 million incidents with 6,290,042 criminal offenses.
- Of the reported offenses, 61 percent were crimes against property, 23 percent were crimes against persons, and 16 percent were crimes against society (such as animal cruelty).
- Of the 4,524,968 individuals who were victims of crimes, 23.4 percent were between 21 and 30 years old.
- A little more than half of crime victims were female, while 48 percent of victims were male.
- More than half (52.2 percent) of victims knew their offenders (or at least one of their offenders if there were more than one) but were not related to them.
- Nearly a quarter (24.4 percent) of crime victims were related to the offender.
- The data showed there were 5,266,175 known offenders (meaning at least one characteristic about the person is known, such as age, gender, or race).
- Of the known offenders, 41.9 percent were between the ages of 16 and 30.
- The majority of known criminals (62.4 percent) were men, and 25.5 percent were women.
More NIBRS data is available in the NIBRS interactive map and in the Crime Data Explorer (CDE) tool. The CDE is an interactive tool that allows the public to more easily use and understand crime data through a variety of interactive features, such as tailored reports and the ability to build web applications.
To learn more about the FBI’s transition to NIBRS, visit fbi.gov/nibrs.